When we talk about the Deity of Christ, we are directly addressing whether or not Jesus is fully God; we are talking about Christ’s divine nature. And this is a significant topic to dig into for several reasons. First, many in the church will be challenged by people from other false religions like the Jehovah Witnesses. Secondly, in our society today, many seek to know which religion if any are true, and this topic is at the core of that discussion. Thirdly, many young Christians read things in the Bible, like seen in Matthew 8:20 where Jesus refers to Himself as the Son of Man, and they too have questions about His Deity.
Matthew 8:20 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.”
So, how do we respond to these questions and answer the question, “is Jesus fully God?” Does the Bible answer this question for us? Let’s dive into God’s Word to find out!
First, let’s start with the Son of Man question because this will also answer some of the objections that others use that reject the Deity of Christ. When studying this title, “Son of Man,” we have to go back to the Old Testament to see how the Jews would have interpreted this title Son of Man. I will be brief here, but in Daniel 7:9-14, we see a picture of the throne room of God given to us, and in verse 13, we are told that the Son of Man was presented to the Ancient of Days, which was God. And this Son of Man was given supreme authority, glory, and more. We also know that these are things that God does not share with anyone, reference Isaiah 42:8. In other words, because Jesus is fully God and one with God, they share equally in all things. If Jesus were not fully God, then God would not give Him His glory. So, when Jesus referred to Himself as Son of Man, knowing what was written in Daniel 7:9-14, He was actually saying far more about Himself than we might initially think. The Jews also knew this, which is why they wanted to kill Him because they said He made Himself out to be God.
John 10:33 The Jews answered him, “It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God.”
Additionally, in several passages, we see people like the beloved disciple John and the Apostle Paul making it explicitly clear that Jesus was fully God. In John 1:1, John shows that the Word was with God and that the Word was God. Then in John 1:14, John shows us that the Word became flesh and dwelt among them. Now the Jehovah Witnesses will try and argue that John 1:1 says, “that He was a god.” However, they have no early documentation to show that the Greek manuscripts that we use to get our translations from are wrong and that the word “was” should be translated into the word “a,” or that it should be translated differently at all. Secondly, we also know the Jews sought to kill Jesus because He made Himself like God. Therefore, we have both historical documentation and how the Jews reacted to Jesus, that show that scripture, the disciples, and Jesus Himself, believed and taught that He was God. Paul also writes about His Deity and we must remember that at one-point, Paul was a skeptic before his conversion, and so His writings are one of the greatest strengths to this argument and to many others for the faith. Paul writes,
Colossians 1:15–19 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell,
Here we have the Apostle Paul saying in verse 15 that Jesus was the very image of God. He then says in verse 16 that Jesus created all things, even the things in heaven. Then in verse 19, Paul says that the fullness of God was in Him. There should be no doubt about what scripture says about the Deity of Christ Jesus.
Lastly, throughout the book of John, we have what is called the “Seven I Am Statements,” where Jesus uses phrases that the Jews knew only belonged to God and were not used in reference to anyone else. Jesus referred to Himself as the Bread of Life; reference John 6:35, 48, 57. Jesus referred to Himself as the Light of the World; reference John 8:12, 9:5. He also referred to Himself as The Door; see John 10:7, 9. He referred to Himself as The Good Shepherd; see John 10:11, 14. He referred to Himself as The Resurrection of Life; reference John 11:25. He stated that He was The Way of Life; see John 14:6. And lastly, He said that He was The True Vine in John 15:1. Again, all of these are references that the Jews knew were only used to refer to God, which is why they said that Jesus made Himself out to be God.
According to God’s Word, Jesus is one with the Father, He is fully God, and even the Jews believed that this was the message that was taught by Jesus and His disciples. As children of God, this means Jesus is our King, our Lord, and that we serve the King of kings and the Lord of lords. There is truly no Name higher than His. He will reign forever, and as His children, we will be brought into His eternal kingdom. Anyone who teaches contrary to the Deity of Christ Jesus, does so in contrary to God’s Word and thereby teaches a false gospel. And those teaching a false gospel need to be refuted. As His church, we can have full confidence that Jesus is one with the Father and fully God Himself.
Philippians 2:9 Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name.
I pray this has helped you, and please be on the lookout for more blogs, including more on Christ, which we plan to post each Saturday as we dive further into this topic and grow together in the faith. If you have any questions, please go to the contact page and send them to us. We want to pray for you and answer any questions that you might have to help build you up in the faith. Thank you again, and we pray that you would share this with others to help them grow as well. To God, be all of the glory!